Facts Reporter

Feudalism in Pakistan

The Feudalism in Pakistan (Urdu: زمینداری نظام zamīndāri nizam) has a stranglehold on the economy and politics of the nation. The feudal landlords have created states within a state where they rule their fiefs with impunity. The landlord’s influence spans over the police, bureaucracy and judiciary. The majority of the politicians in Pakistan are themselves feudal landlords.

The Bhuttos’ is one of the richest families of the subcontinent, The Bhuttos own around 40,000 acres (161874000 m² or 161.874 km²) of land in Sindh and assets worth billions of dollars.

Throughout history, feudalism has appeared in different forms. The feudal prototype in Pakistan consists of landlords with large joint families possessing hundreds or even thousands of acres of land. They seldom make any direct contribution to agricultural production. Instead, all work is done by peasants or tenants who live at subsistence level.


The landlord, by virtue of his ownership and control of such vast amounts of land and human resources, is powerful enough to influence the distribution of water, fertilisers, tractor permits and agricultural credit and, consequently exercises considerable influence over the revenue, police and judicial administration of the area. The landlord is, thus, lord and master. Such absolute power can easily corrupt, and it is no wonder that the feudal system there is humanly degrading.

The system, which some critics say is parasitical at its very root, induces a state of mind which may be called the feudal mentality. This can be defined as an attitude of selfishness and arrogance on the part of the landlords. It is all attitude nurtured by excessive wealth and power, while honesty, justice, love of learning and respect for the law have all but disappeared. Having such a mentality, when members of feudal families obtain responsible positions in civil service, business, industry and politics, their influence is multiplied in all directions. Indeed the worsening moral, social, economic and political crisis facing this country can be attributed mainly to the powerful feudal influences operating there.

Although the system has weakened over the years through increased industrialization, urbanization and land reforms such as those introduced by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, oligarchs still hold much power in the politics of Pakistan due to their financial backing, rural influence and family led politics which involves whole families to be in politics at any one time and cross marriages between large feudal families to create greater influence. Many children of feudal families are also argued to take up bureaucratic roles to support family agendas.

To begin with, the Pakistan Muslim League, the party laying Pakistan’s foundation 53 years ago, was almost wholly dominated by feudal lords such as the Zamindars, Jagirdars, Nawabs, Nawabzadas, Mansabdars, Arbabs, Makhdooms, and Sardars, the sole exception being the Jinnahs (merchants and lawyers) and the Sharifs (industrialists). Pakistan’s major political parties are feudal-oriented, and more than two-thirds of the National Assembly (lower house of the legislature) is composed of this class. Besides, most of the key executive posts in the provinces are held by them.

Through the 1950s and the 1960s the feudal families retained control over national affairs through the bureaucracy and the armed forces. Later, in 1972, they assumed direct power and retained it until the military regained power recently. Thus, any political observer can see that this oligarchy, albeit led by and composed of different men at different times, has been in power since Pakistan’s inception.

Comments on: "Feudalism in Pakistan" (7)

  1. Its a really great post iv saw, thanks!

    • Pakistan pa qabza hi Feudal ne kee q k Muslim League ko toh hijack ker lia gaya.
      “Iqbal ka khwaab and Jinnah ki taabeer”.
      India me Congress ko buissness class ne support ker rahe thain toh wahan se Feudalism khatam hogai.
      Aur yahan toh Mullah, Military, jageerdaar is tarah k log ka Ittehad bun gaya toh aaj tak Feudalism qayam hai.
      Taarikh me yeh baat maujood hai k Aalam-e-Islam me aik bahot bara tanaza khara hua tha. Jab Iraq-Iran-Shaam fatah hua toh acres zameen maujood thee.
      Aik lobby thee jo k aksariyat me thee, jin-hone Hazrat Umar-bin-khattab ko kaha k humain jageerain dee jayein.
      Hazrat Umar R.A bahot aalishan aadmi thain. Unhone kaha, “ nahi “.
      Qoran ki roshni me yeh maalay-ganeemat nahi hai yeh maal-e-fay hai:- state owned hoga, Maal-e-ganeemat taqseem hota hai. Hua kya k wo lobby jo aksariyat me thee aur bahot taqatwar, baray moyassar, baray muttabbar log thain aur un k leader’s me se aik ibn-e-bilal b thain.
      Umar-ibne-bin-khattab ne kaha is tarah toh galat reewayat Islam pa pad jayegi jageerdaaree k aur mainy yeh nahi hone dena.
      Aur itna pressure build kia In Hazraat ne k Hazrat Umar R.A pa k Hazrat Umar R.A ko Hazrat Ali R.A se raabta ker k unhe confidence me lena pada aur un k saath yeh masla share kerna pada.
      Hazrat Ali R.A ne b Hazrat Umar R.A ko support kia aur phir dunya kee taarikh ki baat nahi aur sirf Islam kee taarikh me nahi, poori dunya me pehli dafa kahin Land reform commission bana toh wo aaj Hazrat Umar bin khattab k zamanay me bana.
      Aaj yeh kya harkatein kerte hain musalman. Aur Iqbal ne kaha k “ khud badalte nahi qoran ko badal dete hain”.
      Us waqt mauqa parasht Politician thain. Jinnah sb. toh aatay hi ruqsat hogyein.
      Aik parliamentarian kehta hai k jo quomain apni tareekh distort kerti hai usko un ki haalat aik burhay jaisi hoti hai hai jiski nazar bahot kamzor ho chuki ho, usko dhundhla dikhai deta ho aur wo apne nazar ki aainak apne haathon se tod di.
      Aaj hum apni generation ko jhut feed kertay hain toh un k paas fact sheet toh hoti hi nahi. Agar data aap computer ko b galat feed karenge toh even computer will not b able to give right answer..
      Agar kisi b Huq-maraan ki Asal chehra dekhna ho toh dekhe us k daurr me awaam kis haal me thain…
      Jab 2012 k daurr me huq-mraan aisay hai jo k aaj world global village bun chukka hai, dunya aap k remote pa hai, aap live dekh sakte hain k kahan kya ho raha hai. Abhi k daur r me huqumraanon ki yeh badmashi hai toh past me musalman huqumraan k kya haal hoga….

  2. it is definitely a great artice

  3. DANGEROUS FAMILIES,RICHEST POLITICAL BUREAUCRACY ROOTS FOCUS TO PERMANENT EXECUTIVE-CIVIL SERVICES PAKISTAN,NECESSITY STATE,STATE OF EMERGENCY.REGRETED PCO99.NOT IMPLEMENTED REASONS[THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE HAVE ALL VERBAL POWERS OF STATE AND NO BODY CHALLENGE HIM IN ANY COURT] OCTOBER 12,1999.REPEAT EMERGENCY MB ON FAILURE WORST.ALL RELIGIOUS ARMED FORCES COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.AT FAILURE.POOR VERSUS RICHEST FAMILIES.CIVIL WAR PAKISTAN AS IRAQ-EGYPT-SYRIA-ETC.OKAY,55_1728/CEO.

  4. […] The system, which some critics say is parasitical at its very root, induces a state of mind which may be called the feudal mentality. This can be defined as an attitude of selfishness and arrogance on the part of the landlords. It is all attitude nurtured by excessive wealth and power, while honesty, justice, love of learning and respect for the law have all but disappeared. Having such a mentality, when members of feudal families obtain responsible positions in civil service, business, industry and politics, their influence is multiplied in all directions. Indeed the worsening moral, social, economic and political crisis facing this country can be attributed mainly to the powerful feudal influences operating there.Although the system has weakened over the years through increased industrialization, urbanization and land reforms such as those introduced by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, oligarchs still hold much power in the politics of Pakistan due to their financial backing, rural influence and family led politics which involves whole families to be in politics at any one time and cross marriages between large feudal families to create greater influence. Many children of feudal families are also argued to take up bureaucratic roles to support family agendas.To begin with, the Pakistan Muslim League, the party laying Pakistan’s foundation 53 years ago, was almost wholly dominated by feudal lords such as the Zamindars, Jagirdars, Nawabs, Nawabzadas, Mansabdars, Arbabs, Makhdooms, and Sardars, the sole exception being the Jinnahs (merchants and lawyers) and the Sharifs (industrialists). Pakistan’s major political parties are feudal-oriented, and more than two-thirds of the National Assembly (lower house of the legislature) is composed of this class. Besides, most of the key executive posts in the provinces are held by them.Through the 1950s and the 1960s the feudal families retained control over national affairs through the bureaucracy and the armed forces. Later, in 1972, they assumed direct power and retained it until the military regained power recently. Thus, any political observer can see that this oligarchy, albeit led by and composed of different men at different times, has been in power since Pakistan’s inception.(Reference) […]

  5. Muhammad Awais Saeedi said:

    its really an amazing article…..i like it

  6. Haris_Khan said:

    ^Descriptive.. Good

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